Employment Prospects For Accountants And Cpas

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) website, “Accountants and auditors held about 1.3 million jobs in 2008.” (As of December 17, 2009, these were the latest statistics available.)

As with many other careers, accountants and auditors worked throughout private industry and government. Of these, about 24% worked for payroll service firms, tax preparation, accounting, and bookkeeping firms. Another 8% were self-employed. Among the larger set of management accountants, internal auditors, or government accountants and auditors, there is a subset who are licensed CPAs. Most CPAs work in urban areas because that’s where the jobs are–most corporate regional or central offices and government offices are in urban areas.

A small percent of accounting professionals are employed as full-time college and university faculty; others teach part-time while working as self-employed accountants or as accountants for private industry or government.

Job growth in the accounting sector is expected to grow faster than the average growth rate for all industries during the decade of 2008-2018. Within that group, CPAs should have the best prospects for employment and expected growth rate higher than those accountants and auditors without the CPA professional designation.

Very strong growth (22%) in the number of accountants and auditor jobs (an increase of 279,400 jobs) over the 2008-18 decade is expected because of several factors. We will discuss the factors tomorrow.

1.IF the economy expands, the number of businesses will increase which means that new jobs will be created in the accounting sector to set up the books, prepare taxes, and provide management advice. As these new businesses grow, the quantity and complexity of financial information reviewed by accountants and auditors on the costs, expenditures, taxes and corporate internal controls will increase as well. As the globalization of business accelerates, there will be an increased demand for accounting expertise and services regarding international trade and accounting rules as well as international mergers and acquisitions.

2.Because of financial scandals, investors will be demanding increased accountability for protecting an organization’s stakeholders. The need for these “accounting watchdogs” will spur job growth in the accounting sector.

3.Forensic accountants who can detect illegal financial activity will be even more in demand as the number of financial crimes increases. Crimes such as embezzlement, bribery, and securities fraud by individuals, by corporations, and by organized crime networks are increasing because computer technology has made these crimes even easier to commit and even harder to uncover. But the “good guys” have weapons as well: the development of new computer software and advanced electronic surveillance technology has made detecting financial crimes easier which increases the likelihood of discovery, investigation, prosecution and conviction. As the success rates of the “good guys” rise, the demand for forensic accountants will rise as well.

4.Opportunities for CPAs who are forensic accountants who support the work of attorneys in family law, bankruptcy and business law are increasing as well. For example, the recent high profile divorce of Sir Paul McCartney and Heather Mills included a dispute over how much the former Beatle, Sir Paul, was actually worth. His side claimed he was worth around USD $785 million while the ex-wife thought he was worth around $1.6 billion. Enter her team of forensic accountants who delved into the situation. As of June 2008, the accountants had not found any evidence which would have compelled the judge to award Ms. Mills more moola than her initial divorce settlement.

5.Changes in laws regarding taxes, financial reporting standards, business investments, mergers and other financial matters will lead to an increased need for accountants and auditors.

6.Changes in financial laws to curb corporate accounting fraud will create more jobs in the accounting sector. With the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act in 2002 (also known as ‘Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act’ in the Senate and ‘Corporate and Auditing Accountability and Responsibility Act’ in the House), a new layer of accounting oversight was created to thwart the tide of corporate financial misfeasance. Prior to passage, there were a multitude of corporate and accounting scandals (e.g., Enron, Tyco International, Adelphia, Peregrine Systems and WorldCom) which cost investors billions of dollars. When the share prices of these corporations collapsed, the confidence of the public was shaken and the US securities markets trembled. The act established new or enhanced standards for all US public company boards, management, and for public accounting firms.

By creating a new public agency, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (or PCAOB), the act created a number of jobs in the accounting sector for overseers, regulators, inspectors, and those who would discipline accounting firms who were auditing public firms. In addition, another government agency, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) implemented the adoption of dozens of new rules to comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. It is estimated that the growth in the accounting sector will be seen in new jobs being created in:

1.Public Company Accounting Oversight Board will expand to hire more accountants and CPAs to provide independent oversight of public accounting firms which audit their corporate clients. The central oversight board will register auditors as well as setting up the procedural framework for compliance audits, inspections and policing conduct, quality control, and enforcing compliance with specific elements of Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX Act).

2.Because the SOX Act prohibits auditing companies from providing services such as consulting and management advice to their clients, it is expected that there will be job growth in accounting companies which provide consulting and other non-auditing advice to their clients.

3.Since Sarbanes-Oxley requires that senior executives of a company (such as the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer) take individual responsibility for the completeness and accuracy of the corporate financial reports, it is likely that those who are rise to C-level will have to have more familiarity with accounting than a manager’s passing glance. This opens a career path for CPAs into the CEO chair as well as the CFO chair. (Since the CEO is asked to sign the company’s tax return, this is all the more reason for the person to be a CPA as well as a manager.)

7.Since 2002, funding for the SEC has nearly doubled. The SEC hires accountants who can censure or bar from practice stock brokers, advisors, or dealers. In addition, SEC hires CPAs and accountants in Washington, D.C., *Division of Corporation Finance, *Division of Enforcement, and the *Office of the Chief Accountant. For SEC jobs examining financial statements in public filings, resolving controversial accounting issues, and in rule writing, there are openings in Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Denver, Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, Salt Lake City and San Francisco in the offices of: *Division of Trading and Markets, *Division of Investment Management and the *Office of Compliance, Inspections and Examinations.

The SEC prefers to hire experienced CPAs with three to eight years of public accounting experience in the securities industry. Desirable previous experience would include audit work involving SEC financial reporting, complex internal audit work involving multi-national corporations, or mergers and acquisitions related work. Typically, these accountants enter at the mid- and senior staff accountant positions–in the SK-13 through 17 levels. The grade at which the person starts their SEC career is based on a combination of the amount of relevant work experience and of graduate education in accounting, finance, or related fields.

In looking at the entire market, the best job prospects will be for CPAs while the prospects for accountants and auditors who have a college degree or any certification are good.

Wages for Accountants and Auditors May 2008 BLS Statistics: Median Income: $59,430 Top 10%: $102,380+ “According to a salary survey conducted by the National Association of Colleges and Employers, bachelor’s degree candidates in accounting received starting offers averaging $48,993 a year in July 2009; master’s degree candidates in accounting were offered $49,786 initially.

Accounting Employment Rate of Change In the decade from 2008 to 2018, employment opportunities for accountants and auditors are expected to grow by 22% (or 279,400 new jobs), which is faster than the average for all occupations. As previously mentioned, job growth will be driven by a projected increase in the number of businesses/expansion of the economy, changing financial laws, and corporate governance regulations, and increased accountability for protecting an organization’s stakeholders.

Opportunities for CPAs should increase markedly because their oversight is needed to focus increased scrutiny on corporate finances and accounting procedures. Those CPAs who are management accountants and internal auditors will be needed to uncover and eliminate fraud before audits and to make sure that critical processes and procedures are documented completely and accurately. The need for CPAs who are government accountants will increase because of an effort to make government agencies more efficient and accountable.

Job opportunities for CPAs will increase rapidly while opportunities for accountants and auditors will increase but at a slower rate than for CPAs. The need for accounting clerks will increase as consumers opt for storefront tax preparers such as Liberty and H & R Block, rather than hiring a CPA firm. The shift to tax preparation software will take some business away from CPAs who handled the uncomplicated returns of individuals. This will make a very minor adjustment in employment opportunities while increasing opportunities for clerks.

Job Prospects Across the public and private sectors, job opportunities for CPAs will be excellent while those who are accountants and auditors will be favorable. (Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics). Enrollment in CPA preparation courses is now growing as more students are attracted to the profession because of its job growth, increased compensation, stability-and in answer to corporate accounting scandals.

In the wake of the Enron and Tyco accounting scandals, the public views professional certification as even more necessary because it ensures that the accountant’s ethics are sound and his/her knowledge and credentials are up-to-date.

Regardless of specialty, accountants and auditors who have earned professional recognition through certification or licensure should have the best job prospects. Applicants with a master’s degree in accounting or a master’s degree in business administration with a concentration in accounting also will have an advantage.

Individuals who are proficient in accounting and auditing computer software or have expertise in specialized areas-such as international business, specific industries, or current legislation-may have an advantage in getting some accounting and auditing jobs. In addition, employers increasingly seek applicants with strong interpersonal and communication skills. Many accountants work on teams with others who have different backgrounds, so they must be able to communicate accounting and financial information clearly and concisely. Regardless of qualifications, however, competition will remain keen for the most prestigious jobs in major accounting and business firms.

In addition to openings from job growth, the need to replace accountants and auditors who retire or transfer to other occupations will produce numerous job openings in this large occupation. —US Bureau of Labor Statistics For accountants, the career path upwards requires that of becoming a CPA, a Certified Public Accountant. Progressing from being an accountant to becoming a CPA offers greater opportunities for promotion to management and higher salaries.

In California, the requirements to sit for the CPA Exam are: *A bachelor’s degree; *24 semester units in accounting-related subjects; *24 semester units in business-related subjects; *150 semester units (or 225 quarter units) of education; *Passing the Uniform CPA Exam; *One year of general accounting experience supervised by a CPA with an active license; and *Passing an ethics course.– Logging 500 hours of attest or auditing experience will allow you to obtain the authority to sign attest reports. In many firms having a CPA license is the only way one is promoted into upper management. Becoming a CPA increases your opportunity for promotions and a higher salary.

A Legitimate Method Of Getting Paid To Play Games – The Career Gamers Aren’t Aware Of

For the many individuals who are serious video game players, maybe one of the best employment that they might ever dream of will be to get paid to experiment with video games. Imagine sitting down within the comfort of your home and playing a great new video game which nobody else has seen yet and the best part getting a good salary for doing it. While video game design organizations do hire game players to test their new creations there may be also work involved in the game testing field and game enthusiasts need to have some skills in order to get paid to play video games.

Let’s start by contemplating what a video game tester is and what they typically do. An individual who gets paid to play video games is usually referred to as a beta game tester and is in charge of testing a new computer game meticulously before it is made available to the public. The beta game tester gets the almost completed version of the new video game and then plays it with a purpose to detect any problems or glitches in the content or configuration of the game. This ultimate check is necessary to avoid mistakes that could ruin a new games credibility.

If you wish to get paid to play video games the companies that design the games would like to employ an enthusiastic and knowledgeable video game player. You need to possess some other sorts of abilities too. You will need to have an methodical and analytical mind so that you can efficiently asses any problems or mistakes in the video game that you are testing. You require to have decent writing skills as you will need to write comprehensive reports to give your employer about the testing of the latest games. They need to be able to read and understand your reports.

One can enter the gaming industry in a legitimate way by becoming a beta game tester and as well get paid to play video games. It is a great entry level position to get into the video game industry and to obtain it you do not require a degree from college or a technical school diploma. It shouldn’t be easy for many people to seek that first job but it could be worth the effort to gain employment that you actually enjoy. You will need to show some initiative so that you could find that first video game testing job.

Your local employment bureau is not likely to have listings for video game testers and your regional newspaper almost certainly doesn’t have any advertisements for them either. To locate a legitimate job as being a beta game tester it is necessary for you to get in contact with the businesses that design the video games. It can be hard to figure out how to get hold of them and know what companies need testers. Professional game testing services are one effective solution for you to try. They provide you with updated information on positions that are available and companies which are hiring.

Benefits Of Hiring A 3rd Party Background Check Company

Pre-employment background checks are more than just a way of avoiding bad hires; they’re also corporations’ best bet for beating negligence court cases. This article reviews why more and more corporations are hiring third party employee background check companies, rather than conducting background checks in-house. Read on to discover the benefits corporations enjoy by outsourcing their employment background checks.

1. Increased applicant privacy.

If an internal employee does your employee background checks, workplace drama can ensue. New hires will be less likely to trust their co-workers charged with employment background screening duties. Third party background checks go a long way in preventing mistrust and gossip. Moreover, they show applicants and employees that you are dedicated to even-handed, fair treatment.

2. Less chance for expensive mistakes.

Did you know that some states require employees to provide applicants with a copy of their employment background screening, even if it’s not specifically requested? Or that it’s illegal to base a hiring decision on court cases that did not result in convictions? Your company could be sued if you fail to follow the letter of the law as far as employee background checks are concerned. Yet few HR managers have the time or legal expertise to avoid all potential background check lawsuits. For this reason, increasing numbers of companies are outsourcing their employment background screening to vendors who have spent decades focused on these issues. Doing so typically results in fewer costly hiring mistakes.

3. Legal protection.

Beyond preventing legal mistakes, outsourcing background screening also grants companies exemption from lawsuits. The federal Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) promises legal immunity for companies that choose to outsource their employment background checks. In other words, your company can avoid lawsuits citing hiring negligence, privacy invasion, and defamation if you outsource your background procedures.

Still, it’s notable that the FCRA still requires companies to notify candidates if they are investigating credit history. Therefore, it’s smart to ask your employee background screening vendor whether they offer forms for applicant notification.

4. Decreased costs.

It would likely take a full-time employee months to research how to legally, respectfully, thoroughly carry out employment background checks. Then, it might take them another few months to locate the investigative resources needed to methodically do employment background screening.

In contrast, third-party, professional background check companies have already developed the understanding and resources needed to effectively run employment background checks, so they can typically deliver the same (or improved) results at a lower cost.

5. More meticulous background checks.

Because professional background check companies specialize in labor investigations, they usually have excellent sources for examining individuals’ history. Having spent hundreds of hours perfecting their screening approach, professional background check companies can typically deliver more thorough investigations than can be achieved in-house.

6. Improved service.

Because they are investigative experts, background check companies offer extra features for their clients, such as adverse action letters. The law states that if you choose not to hire someone based on characteristics such as credit history, you must inform his or her in writing about your decision. An adverse action letter fulfills this duty. Many employment background vendors offer complimentary adverse action letters as part of their employee screening service, saving you time.

There are many reasons for outsourcing your employee background screening process, from lowered costs to improved legal immunity.

The Rise Of The Temporary Employment Agency

There is a huge influx of skilled professionals and executives into the temporary employment category, which has sprung up a number of temporary employment agencies. One of the harsh lessons learnt by companies from the economic slowdown is not to bite more than they can chew. The volatile economy has left companies with no choice but to disband their long term projections and work for today. Such an attitude has changed the outlook of an average American on temporary employment.

In recent developments it has been noted that the pay rates for temporary workers overweighs those of full-timers. Temporary employment agencies have been on a hiring spree and some of them house more employees than large American corporations. In a dynamic labor market temporary workers not only enjoy the competitive pay, but also the time it gives them for other activities. The average time span of a temporary assignment ranges between 10 to 12 weeks. A lot of the work-force prefers to hang-on to the temporary jobs while looking to land a more stable job; it puts them in a win-win situation. In 2010 it was predicted that temporary workers would account for 4% of the workforce within three years, the same number was 1.65% before the recession.

Temporary employment agencies are making hay while the sun is still shining; their clients pay them a service fee and cover the temporary workers wages, payroll taxes, unemployment insurance and workers’ compensation fees. Organizations have also found it profitable to tie-up with such agencies because it reduces their costs by almost 8%.

The picture is not all rosy for temporary employment agencies as they have to shrug off immense competition from fellow agencies. The rise in the number of agencies has also lead to clients being more demanding with respect to negotiating fees and other expenses.

It is also worthy to note that temporary employment agencies are starting to dole out attractive benefits and other perks to further draw more talent towards temporary employment.

With the economy not showing great signs of recapturing its former glory, the rise of temporary employment agencies is a significant development in the larger picture.

Australians Living In The United States

The close ties between Australia and the United States stem from its common colonial history as both countries were formerly part of the British Crown colonies. While their individual histories have diverged over time, their common interests and ideals have made both the United States and Australia partners in political, economic and military agendas.

The first Australians came to the United States through the British contingency that was sent during the California gold rush in the 1850s. This was the advent of Australians being part of specialized occupations in the United States, with many Australians living in the United States found in urban metropolises of Los Angeles, San Francisco, Washington DC and New York.

The most visible sign of this cooperation is the opening of a specific visa category exclusively given by the US for Australians. This is called the E3 visa for Australians. This visa has become the best vehicle for individuals entering the country and Australians living in the United States. There must be a specialty occupation requiring a professional degree available in the United States. The applicant must show proof of an offer of employment and provide intention to be sponsored as an Australian living in the United States. The applicant must be duly qualified for the position and must show proof of intention to return to Australia.

The E3 visa allows an Australian living in the United States for two (2) years and renewable for another two (2) years on an indefinite basis. The basic requirement though is that the applicant would be sponsored by an American employer. The visa is not intended for permanent residency. As an Australian living in the United States, their dependents would be allowed to find gainful employment in the United States. For Australians living in the United States, the Australian embassy is located at 1601 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington DC. There are other Australian consulates located in the major metropolitan cities in the United States, such as Atlanta, Chicago, Honolulu and California.

While this visa is a sign of the closeness between the US and Australia, there are minor differences between the two countries. Despite the commonality in language, there are word usages that differ between the American English and the Australian English. The second difference is the racial tolerance inherent in Australians compared to Americans. While these may be simple concerns, they are magnified because of the cultural differences between Americans and Australians living in the United States.

All in all, there are more Australians immigrating to the United States compared to Americans going to Australia. The great bulk of Australians coming to the United States is for employment purposes, specifically through the E3 visa. For Americans though, coming to Australia would be for frolic and fun in the sun.

As can be seen, Australians living in the United States are a favored lot. There are specialized occupations available and a specific visa category for Australian employment purposes. This shows the forged cooperation between the two countries, in both good and bad times, which bodes well for Australians living in the United States.